The lowland village of Agrilovouno or Agrilovouni is located at the northeastern end of the prefecture, close to the borders with Arcadia. It is built at an altitude of 96 metres and has approximately 80 permanent residents. It is 11 kilometres from Meligala, 36 kilometres from Kyparissia and 46 kilometres from Kalamata. It is one of the oldest villages in Messenia. The village got its name from the area’s many wild olives (agrilies). In fact, a 2,500-year-old olive tree has been recorded, with a trunk circumference of 12 metres.
In the village, visitors can see the central church of the Dormition of the Virgin, which was built in 1300. The church is painted with rare frescoes; the most important is the Triune (sleeping-mother-heavens) Panagia (Virgin). The Hero of the Fallen from the Greek Revolution of 1821 until 1940 stands out in the village square.
To the right of the entrance of Agrilovouno, on a low hill (on the road to Diavolitsi), is the site "Alupotrypa", where in the spring of 1787, Captain Zacharias Barbitsiotis defeated the Turks. Previously, he had raised a fighting force of more than 2000 men. Thus, Zacharias: "strengthened Agrilovouni, brought bagenia (large wooden barrels) from the villages, put water, bread, gunpowder, bullets, rifles, everything that was needed. He also set up two bairakia (flags) and waited for the vizier".