It was March 1821, and Mani was overwhelmed with turbulence. Theodoros Kolokotronis was in Kardamili preparing for the revolution, while the members of the organization Filiki Eteria (Society of Friends was a secret organization founded in 1814 in Odessa, whose purpose was to overthrow the Ottoman rule of Greece) had changed Petrombei Mavromichalis’ mind, who, until then, believed it was not the right time for the uprising.
On 17 March, the rulers of Mani, with Petrombey as their leader, raised the flag of the Revolution in Chimova (Areopoli). From there, Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis and Giatrakos moved towards Mistra and Monemvasia while Petrobey and Kolokotronis, with 2000 men, towards Kalamata.
The revolted Greeks arrived outside Kalamata on March 22 and occupied the surrounding hills. Their view was enough for the Aga of the city called Arnautoglou to realize what was happening. Kalamata was totally blocked by 2000 free Greeks who were ready to fight.
On the morning of March 23rd, the rebels entered the city. Elias Mavromichalis asked Arnautoglou to surrender, who, eventually gave Kalamata and all Turkish armaments to them through protocol.
At noon, the whole city gathered at the temple of the Holy Apostles, where the banners of the revolution were blessed in a festive atmosphere. The first free-ground mass was attended by Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petrombeis Mavromichalis, Papaflessas and Nikitaras, who swore faith to the revolution at a time that marked the beginning of national rebirth.